For successful recovery from any disease, it is important to have deep knowledge about it prior to going for any treatments and therapies. Fibromyalgia is a complex disorder with its roots linked to the central nervous system.
This disease is caused by the improper working of the pain sensors and other basics of the central nervous system. The largely accepted fact about this disease is the malfunction of the central nervous system that creates oversensitivity towards the pain than other sensation.
The pain sensors of a patient suffering from fibromyalgia become oversensitive and moreover amplify any pain sensations that encounter from the sensory nerves. This is mainly seen in neurons close to the spinal cord.
Patients with fibromyalgia have reported other psychological problems as well. Most of the psychological problems are related to the improper functioning of certain elements of the central nervous system and the largely faced problem is depression.
It is observed that the mechanisms of the malfunctions that lead to depression and that of chronic pain and other symptoms related to fibromyalgia are very similar.
Symptoms & effects of fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia symptoms vary from person to person. A person may not develop all symptoms of fibromyalgia. Some of the victims of fibromyalgia have one set of symptoms while others have a totally different set of symptoms.
The most common symptom that is seen in almost every case of fibromyalgia is chronic pain. This pain appears to be concentrated in some parts or maybe diffusive. The other problem is that of incapacity of a person to concentrate on multiple tasks.
Patients suffering from fibromyalgia develop incapacity to work and concentrate on multiple tasks. They also develop irregular and abnormal sleep patterns that further transmit their cognitive problems.
Mood swings is another problem faced by fibromyalgia patients. Depression acts as an effect and promoter for other symptoms of fibromyalgia and is the most encountered problem. The depression arises due to the constant state of pain and fatigue.
Patients may experience the intensified state of pain on exposure to little pressures. The results of fibromyalgia are not only bound to the central nervous system. The often encountered problems also include irritable bowel syndrome and other kinds of gastric distress.
How sleep and mood are affected by fibromyalgia
Due to improper processing of brain, a person may experience several problems related to mood and sleep in fibromyalgia. The continuous fatigue is the major reason behind irregular and disturbed sleeping habit.
The affected people complain about tiredness even after sleeping for long periods of time. Sleep interruption is the other problem related to it. The people wake up during the sleep due to the sensation of pain and sometimes develop stress due to the fact that they do not get relaxed after so long sleeping period as they often forget the wake-up calls due to pain.
As a result of it, the person feels constant tiredness and sluggishness even after a long period of sleep. This is because of the frequent wake-ups and disturbances due to pain throughout the sleep. This causes the brain to be exhausted. The sleep interruptions may also result due to sleep apnea.
The state of constant pain contributes largely to disturb the sleep patterns. Other problems like restless legs syndrome and tremors also disturb the sleeping patterns.
Due to the interrupted sleep, the moods of patients suffering from fibromyalgia are also severely affected. Almost all the problems related to bad mood and attitude are found to be a result of improper and disturbed sleep.
The consistent state of chronic pain exposes the person to develop a state of depression and anxiety that have severe effects on mood and behavior of the patient. The problem of bad moods can be overcome by having a proper and good sleep. Bad sleeping habits are caused due to the anxiety associated with fibromyalgia.
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